Er. Ranjit Kumar Das

Ranjit Kumar Das

Introduction of HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard language used to create the structure and layout of websites. It is a markup language, which means that it is used to “mark up” the content of a website, such as headings, paragraphs, and links.

HTML consists of a series of elements, which are represented by tags. Each tag has a specific purpose, and when used in combination with other tags, they create the structure and layout of a website. For example, the <h1> tag is used to create a heading, while the <p> tag is used to create a paragraph.

HTML also uses attributes to provide additional information about an element. For example, the href attribute is used to specify the URL of a link.

In addition to creating the structure and layout of a website, HTML also provides a way to add multimedia elements such as images and videos. The <img> tag is used to add images, while the <video> tag is used to add videos.

HTML5 is the latest version of HTML, and it introduces new elements and attributes to make it easier to create websites that are compatible with different devices and screen sizes. It also adds support for multimedia elements such as audio and video, and it improves the semantic structure of HTML documents.

In summary, HTML is the backbone of any website, it’s responsible for creating the structure and layout of a website, and it allows you to add multimedia elements such as images and videos. With the latest version of HTML5, it has become even more versatile and powerful. Understanding HTML is the first step in becoming a web developer, and it’s a skill that will be useful throughout your career.

All Tags of HTML

HTML has a wide range of tags that are used to create different types of elements on a website. Here is a list of some of the most commonly used HTML tags:

  • <html>: Defines the root element of an HTML document
  • <head>: Contains meta information about the document, such as the title and character encoding
  • <title>: Specifies the title of the document, which appears in the browser’s title bar or tab
  • <body>: Contains the content of the document, such as text, images, and links
  • <header>: Defines a header section for the document
  • <nav>: Defines a section for navigation links
  • <main>: Defines the main content of the document
  • <article>: Defines a section of content that can be independently distributed or syndicated
  • <section>: Defines a section of content, such as chapters or sections of an article
  • <aside>: Defines content that is related to the main content but can be considered separate, such as sidebar or pull quotes
  • <footer>: Defines the footer section of the document
  • <h1> to <h6>: Defines headings of different levels
  • <p>: Defines a paragraph
  • <a>: Defines a hyperlink
  • <img>: Defines an image
  • <ul>: Defines an unordered list
  • <ol>: Defines an ordered list
  • <li>: Defines a list item
  • <table>: Defines a table
  • <tr>: Defines a table row
  • <th>: Defines a table header cell
  • <td>: Defines a table data cell
  • <form>: Defines a form for user input
  • <input>: Defines an input field where the user can enter data
  • <label>: Defines a label for an input element
  • <select>: Defines a drop-down list
  • <option>: Defines an option in a drop-down list
  • <textarea>: Defines a multi-line input control
  • <button>: Defines a clickable button

This is not an exhaustive list of all the tags available in HTML, but it covers most of the common tags that you will use when creating a website.

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